FBY Sample Lesson
Four Billion Years and Counting
Canada’s Geological Heritage
Four Billion Years and Counting is a book that will take you on an epic journey of discovery, revealing how Canada’s rocks, fossils, and landscapes have evolved over time. An ever–shifting drama featuring the building and dismantling of continents and the opening and closing of oceans, the story highlights the basic concepts about rocks, plate tectonics, geological time, and fossils, using Canadian examples. This book shows how these topics are foundations for economic and social issues–such as water, energy and mineral resources, landslides, the environment, and climate change–that impact our lives every day.
The FBY website contains downloadable illustrations from the book for educational and non–profit purposes. The illustrations are arranged, as in the book, by chapter and box. A caption for each illustration is also available for download. This resources provided on the website are intended to be used in conjunction with the book.
All photographic and graphic images are copyright of the persons and/or institutions indicated in the caption directly associated with each image.The copyright holders have agreed that you may use their images for educational, non–commercial purposes only and provided that they are credited in each instance of use. For all other uses you must contact the copyright holder.
Sample Lesson Resources
Four Billion Years and Counting; Canada's Geological Heritage, published in September 2014 by the Canadian Federation of Earth Sciences, can be used as a text for teaching the High School Science physical geography and science curriculum, including SES4U.
The following documents are provide by CGEN as an example of how this book may be used to support your lessons and exploratory activities.
Preview the FBY PowerPoint files in PDF format.
TABLE OF CONTENTS (from the FBY website)
PART 1: FOUNDATIONS
Chapter 1: On the Rocks
Box l: Crystal Clear
Box 2: Getting to the Core
Chapter 2: Dance of the Continents
Chapter 3: It's About Time
Box 3: Mapping, Probing, and Sensing
Chapter 4: Fossils and the Bush of Life
Box 4: Spheres of Influence
Box 5: The Lay of the Land
PART 2: THE EVOLUTION OF CANADA
Chapter 5: From Stardust to Continents: before 2,500 million years ago
Chapter 6: Laying the Foundations: Canada 2,500 to 750 million years ago
Chapter 7: Southern Sojourn: Canada 750 to 444 million years ago
Box 6: Walcott's Legacy - The Burgess Shale
Box 7: The Green Revolution
Chapter 8: Crossing the Equator: Canada 444 to 251 million years ago
Box 8: Evolutionary Relationships
Box 9: Climate
Chapter 9: Pangea Breaks Up and Mountains Rise
Chapter 10: The Final Approach
Chapter 11: The Ice Age
PART 3: WEALTH AND HEALTH
Chapter 12: Forging a Nation
Chapter 13: Having the Energy
Chapter 14: Building Canada
Box 10: Quebec City's Extraordinary Geological Legacy
Chapter 15: Water: a Clear Necessity
Chapter 16: At the Beach
Chapter 17: On Dangerous Ground
Box 11: Extraterrestrial Visitors
Chapter 18: Environmental Challenges
Chapter 19: Toxins in the Rocks
Chapter 20: Canada's Geological Heritage